Cleaning Card Technology

Cleaning Card News








February 6, 2014

KICTeam,Inc Extends Shelf-life Guarantee
AUBURN, Maine—February 6, 2014— KICTeam,Inc., the long established leader in cleaning card products for electronic devices announced a change to the shelf life policy of all their pouched products, pens, and snap swabs, extending the guarantee from 24 months (2 years) to 60 months (5 years) from date of manufacture.

January 31, 2014

KICTeam, Inc Introduces EnVanish™ Proprietary Cleaning Solutions
AUBURN, Maine—January 31, 2014— KICTeam,Inc., the long established leader in cleaning card products for electronic devices, is delighted to announce the introduction of EnVanish™, a family of proprietary cleaning solutions that meet global regulatory requirements and is tailored to each device and application. Working in tandem with the unique properties of the Waffletechnology® cleaning cards and the other product offerings, the solutions create an effective means of cleaning that is unrivaled in the industry.

October 29, 2013

Epson Printers Keep Luggage and Passengers Arriving Together - Introducing a Cleaning Card for Airline Industry Printers
AUBURN, Maine—October 30, 2013— The cost airlines incur to keep luggage and passengers arriving at the same place and time, may be a thing of the past. The latest Epson TM-L500A Baggage Tag and Boarding Pass Printers are fast, efficient and easy to keep clean. Epson along with KICTeam, manufacturer of Waffletechnology® cleaning cards, created a simple, effective means of cleaning their printers for unrivaled clarity.

June 05, 2013

Keep a Clean Image on Sheet Fed Document Scanners with Waffletechnology®
AUBURN, Maine—June 05, 2013— Cleaning a desktop sheet fed scanner is now as easy as scanning a document. During normal use, paper flash and other particulates, such as dirt and oils, affix themselves to the scanner lens and rollers within the scanner. The paper path and rollers are designed to keep paper from rubbing and perhaps scratching the interior photo lens. This protective feature makes proper cleaning of the lens difficult. The new Sheet Fed Scanner Cleaning Card featuring Waffletechnology will clean the delicate optical surfaces of most manufacturers desktop scanner models. The products unique cleaning waffles, which carry a safe cleaning solution, gently spring out to wipe across the optics to remove harmful debris. Cleaning cards available for both US letter size scanners and the narrower A4 paper used outside the United States.

December 19, 2012

KICTeam Announces New Pouch Design for Waffletechnology® Products
AUBURN, Maine—December 19, 2012— We are pleased to inform you of the official rollout of our multilingual artwork for our pouches. The first example of this is the Card Reader Cleaning Card with Waffletechnology. The front of the pouch is in English with an illustration on how to use the product and the reverse side has 6 additional languages.

November 15, 2012

KICTeam Wins 2012 Innovative Solutions Award
AUBURN, Maine—November 15, 2012— The Innovative Solutions Awards, now in their fifth year, are recognized as the most prestigious awards for companies helping community banks improve their operations, be more competitive, enhance their technical capabilities and increase their profitability. BankNews received more than 30 entries in four categories and readers cast more than 1,000 votes on Banknews.com. Congratulations to this year’s winners!

August 22, 2012

Leveraging Customer Loyalty: The Keys to Retaining Customers Through a Virtual Branch Maintenance Program
AUBURN, Maine—August 22, 2012— Online banking also ensures that off-site equipment supplied by the FI and used by the customer is in continuous operation for convenience and customer satisfaction. This could be supported through a variety of methods. For example, preventative maintenance plans and the regular use of cleaning cards should be suggested by the FI in order to ensure uninterrupted operation.

October 27, 2011

Seiko Instruments' Dual Action Cleaning Pens are Quick and Efficient. Pens remove contaminants and help maintain printhead and print quality
AUBURN, Maine—October 27, 2011— KICTeam, the world leader in designing and manufacturing innovative disposables that reduce maintenance and ownership costs, today announced that it has co-developed, with Seiko Instruments, the printer manufacturer's Dual Action Cleaning Pens, designed to continually maintain the consistency and clarity demonstrated on Seiko Instruments' Smart Label thermal printers.

October 5, 2011

Burroughs Payment Systems and KICTeam release special cleaning card designed to remove inks, paper particles and other dirt from scanner lenses
Auburn, ME., October 5, 2011 – Burroughs Payment Systems and KICTeam recently released a cleaning card designed specifically to remove inks, paper particles, and other dirt from the scanner lenses of the Burroughs SmartSource® check and document scanners. The new cleaning card product was co-developed in an effort to maintain the scanner lenses that provide high-resolution and high-clarity check and document images to the banking industry under the Check 21 laws and provisions.

November 10, 2011

KICTeam Launches New US Website; Designed to Educate Marketplace on Equipment Cleaning Products
Auburn, ME—November 10th, 2011 (Internal Press Release) — KICTeam recently launched a modernized website designed to educate end-users on how to reduce maintenance cost through the use of disposables designed to clean their equipment. The revised KICTeam website provides an interface menu where users can choose from the different equipment they work with to the products used to maintain their efficiency.

August 2, 2011

Panini Cleaning Cards - Over 1 Million Used Cleaning Milestone Reached on Panini Check Scanners
Auburn, ME., August 2, 2011 – KICTeam has shipped its one-millionth Panini Waffletechnology® Check Scanner Cleaning Card designed as a quick and efficient means of removing ink and other particles from the Panini check scanners. This marks a significant usage milestone for a product that will help maintain the clarity of check images and cleans other critical components of the scanner.

July 11, 2011

KICTeam Expands World-Wide Cleaning Expertise to Oceania Nations to supply local partners with specialized transaction equipment cleaning products
Auburn, ME., July 11, 2011 – KICTeam is proud to announce the opening of KICTeam Oceania, which will supply technical cleaning cards to all Oceania Nations. This new office located in Toowoomba, Australia with a warehouse facility in Brisbane will offer localized support and logistics, to better serve cleaning card customers on a more comprehensive scale.

May 4, 2011

Panini North America's Awareness Program includes a Waffletechnology cleaning card with every check scanner unit
Auburn, ME., May 4, 2011 – Panini is placing a Waffletechnology® Check Scanner Cleaning Card with each check scanner shipped from its North American Office. This awareness program is designed to remind Panini Check Scanner users of this easy to use cleaning tool that removes ink, paper dust, oils or other contaminates that accumulate from the environment and normal use within the scanner. Designed specifically for Panini check scanners, this product will help maintain the clarity of the check image and other critical components within the scanner.

April 8, 2011

Ingenico Signs a Worldwide OEM Agreement with KICTeam
Auburn, Maine April 8, 2011 - Ingenico and KICTeam announced today the signing of an OEM agreement for cleaning cards specifically designed for Ingenico POS terminals. Over the last few years Ingenico has tested and validated the effectiveness and efficiency of cleaning cards; in the end, Ingenico found that KICTeam's proprietary Waffletechnology® cleaning cards provide the most cost effective and safest solution available.
Press Release Translations
Chinese-simplified | Chinese-traditional | French Canadian
French European | German | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese
Spanish Americas | Spanish European | Urdu

March 17, 2011

KICTeam Expands Cleaning Card Expertise to Canada Canada to supply local partners with patented Waffletechnology cleaning cards
Auburn, ME., March 17, 2011 – KICTeam is proud to announce the opening of KICTeam Canada, which will supply technical cleaning cards to all Canadian provinces. This new Canadian office will offer localized support, with centralized Canadian warehousing providing coast to coast logistics, to better serve cleaning card customers on a more comprehensive scale.

March 15, 2011

Faded Receipts and Labels Can Be Greatly Reduced By Cleaning Print Heads with Patented Waffletechnology® Cleaning Cards
Auburn, ME., March 15, 2011 – KICTeam is pleased to announce the release of two new cleaning cards designed to remove paper flash, dirt, oils, adhesive buildup and other contaminates that will cause thermal printer receipts or labels to appear faded and illegible. The new 2" (50.8mm) and 3" (76mm) cleaning cards, using the patented Waffletechnology®, are an easy, cost effective way to remove burnt on materials from the print head. These products will help maintain the clarity of the printed receipt or label while, in many cases, prolonging the life of the thermal printer.

December 8, 2010

JCM Taiko Bill Validator Cleaning Cards Now Available Designed for the Amusement, Vending and Lottery Industries
AUBURN, Maine—December 8, 2010 — A new Cleaning Card for the JCM Global Taiko Bill Validators is being launched today through JCM Global, manufacturer of the world's best currency systems solutions. This new product, manufactured by KICTeam and featuring Waffletechnology®, incorporates a waffle pattern designed specifically to clean the Taiko Bill Validators interior lenses, belts and rollers. This product effectively cleans, using an approved cleaning solution, without opening the equipment.

October 20, 2010

VidTroniX Offers Effective Cleaning Products to Keep Boarding Passes Accurate and Reduce Lost Luggage Rates A Cleaning Kit for the Airline Industry
AUBURN, Maine — October 20, 2010 — Two new cleaning kits for the VidTroniX ATP Series and MAP Thermal Printers used to print bag tags and boarding passes are being launched today through KICTeam, the world leader in the manufacturing of cleaning cards. The cleaning kits for VidTroniX printers have been rigorously tested and approved by several U.S. based airlines. These cleaning kits will effectively clean the printers and also enhance the print head life, printer reliability, and overall performance.

September 20, 2010

Cleaning the Seac Banche CM 3000, SB Series, RDS Series, and Orion Document Scanners is Easier Using Waffletechnology® Cleaning Cards
AUBURN, Maine—Sept. 20, 2010 —Seac Banche, a leading provider of document imaging technology, and KICTeam, the industry leader in the manufacturing of cleaning cards, today announce the release of two products designed to remove dust, paper particles, and inks from Seac Banche document scanners. One product is designed specifically for the Seac Banche CM 3000; the second for the SB Series, RDS Series and Orion Documents Scanners.

June 17, 2010

Cleaning Cards with Waffletechnology® Granted a US Patent Patented product quickly removes dirt and other contaminates in equipment found throughout all industries
AUBURN, Maine—June 17, 2010—A US patent has been issued for the Waffletechnology® cleaning card. The patent covers a variety of products that clean credit card readers and door locks, check and document scanners, thermal printers, bill acceptors and many other items.
Press Release Translations
Chinese-simplified | Chinese-traditional | French Canadian
French European | German | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese
Spanish Americas | Spanish European | Urdu

April 29, 2010

KICTeam Expands World-Wide Cleaning Expertise to Singapore. Singapore to supply distribution partners with specialized transaction equipment cleaning products used in all industries
Auburn, ME., April 29, 2010 – KICTeam USA is proud to announce the opening of KICTeam Singapore which will supply technical cleaning products to ASEAN countries, including: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. The new Singapore office will offer localized support with a conveniently situated warehouse facility to better serve customers on a more comprehensive scale. As the need for technical cleaning products increases to maintain today's transaction equipment universally, KICTeam offers products that feature Waffletechnology®, used to thoroughly clean hotel door locks, POS equipment, access control, bank ATM's, shipping label printers, receipt printers, and mobile handheld card terminals.
Press Release Translations
Chinese-simplified | Chinese-traditional | French Canadian
French European | German | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese
Spanish Americas | Spanish European | Urdu

March 23, 2010

Seiko Instruments Smart Label Printers Cleaned Quickly and Effectively Remove contaminants that can degrade print clarity using new cleaning tool
AUBURN, Maine—March 23, 2010— Consistently printing clear and crisp labels requires the proper cleaning maintenance of any thermal printer. KICTeam's introduction of the Seiko Instruments Smart Label Printer Cleaning Card which features Waffletechnology will maintain that clarity on Seiko Instruments thermal printers. This new product was designed specifically for the SLP family of thermal printers through a joint effort of Seiko Instruments USA, Inc. and KICTeam. This new cleaning card is a quick and almost effortless means of removing any leftover adhesive residue or paper dust that can deteriorate the legibility of the print.

March 11, 2010

Smart Card Readers Cleaned Quickly and Effectively Remove contaminants that cause read errors on Smart Card Readers
AUBURN, Maine—March 11, 2010— Dirt, oils and other contaminants are introduced into a card reader every time a credit card is inserted. For the read contacts to properly access the smart chip, it is critical that these contaminants are regularly removed to help avoid card reader errors. This newly released Waffletechnology Smart Card Reader Cleaning Card is designed to remove these contaminants by gently cleaning these critical read/write components. This product not only offers superb cleaning attention to the smart card readers, but is also designed to be used in swipe and dip card readers that use magnetic stripe technology. This new cleaning card is a quick and almost effortless means of removing error causing particles from within most types of card readers worldwide.
Press Release Translations
Chinese-simplified | Chinese-traditional | French Canadian
French European | German | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese
Spanish Americas | Spanish European | Urdu

March 1, 2010

Crisp Printing Easily Maintained on Bixolon Thermal Printers Announcing a Cleaning Pen designed for Bixolon Thermal Printers
AUBURN, Maine—March 1, 2010— Maintaining the quality of printed crisp receipts or barcode labels requires the proper cleaning tool. Bixolon has approved and now offers a cleaning pen developed by KICTeam. This new Bixolon Thermal Print Head Cleaning Pens can be used on any thermal printer which has an accessible print head. This new cleaning pen is a quick and almost effortless means of removing any leftover adhesive residue or paper dust that can deteriorate the legibility of the print.

March 1, 2010

Reduce Lines Appearing on Your Printed Paper, Copy or Fax Cleaning This Equipment Easier By Using This Product - Used in All Industries
Auburn, ME., March 1, 2010 – An EZ Printer/Copier/Fax Cleaner Sheet is being released today by KICTeam. A build up of paper particles, dust, ink residue and other contaminants in the paper path will cause blurry print, streaks or lines on the printed paper. These contaminants need to be removed for the equipment to function as designed. This product offers an easy and effective means of removing these contaminants from the equipment. The unique surface of the cleaning sheet will gently scrub clean paper feed paths and rollers for a better overall equipment maintenance and can also aid to prolong the equipment's life. This new EZ Printer/Copier/Fax Cleaner Sheet has been tested and demonstrated to be more effective than current cleaning methods and products.

January 20, 2010

Maintain Crisp Labels and Receipts on Bixolon SRP & SLP Thermal Printers Announcing a Cleaning Card designed for Bixolon Thermal Printers
AUBURN, Maine—January 20, 2010— Consistently printing clear and crisp receipts or barcode labels requires the proper cleaning maintenance of any thermal printer. KICTeam's introduction of the Bixolon Waffletechnology Thermal Printer Cleaning Card will maintain that clarity on Bixolon thermal printers. This new product was designed specifically for both the SRP & SLP families of thermal printers through a joint effort of Bixolon and KICTeam. This new cleaning card is a quick and almost effortless means of removing any leftover adhesive residue or paper dust that can deteriorate the legibility of the print.

October 19, 2009

Keeping Check Scans Clean with a Cleaning Card for Panini's I:Deal™ Check Scanner. All Industries that receive or accept checks as payment.
AUBURN, Maine—October 19, 2009— Panini & KICTeam, Inc. are pleased to announce the approval of the Panini Waffletechnology Check Scanner Cleaning Card for the Panini I:Deal™ Check Scanner. The removal of built-up paper dust and endorsement ink residue from the scanner lens is critical to maintain consistent scans with any check scanner. This product, originally designed to work with Panini My Vision X® and Vision X® Check Scanners, is now available for use on the new Panini I:Deal™ as well. This latest more versatile design has the I:Deal™ name on the pouch to indicate it is the next generation cleaning card. The I:Deal™ Check Scanners, designed to affordably help small businesses take advantage of the Check 21 laws and provisions, now has a method of quickly cleaning the critical camera lens and check travel pathways within the device.

October 15, 2009

KICTeam Becomes a Local International Company Offering Products for All Industries
Auburn, ME, October 15, 2009 – KICTeam is pleased to announce its successful expansion in both Europe and Asia. KIC Products UK, which operated as an independent exclusive European distributor, is now KICTeam Europe Limited and is a wholly owned subsidiary of KICTeam, Inc. located in Auburn, ME. KICTeam Asian/Pacific has also plans to establish offices in key locations in 2009 to facilitate the growth in this area of the world.

October 1, 2009

Sticky Adhesives Removed from Thermal Print Heads Using The New Dual Action Cleaning Pen now Available from KICTeam. Removes Adhesive Build Up and Cleans Thermal Print Heads for All Industries
Auburn, ME., October 1, 2009 – The new Dual Action Cleaning Pen, designed to remove stubborn adhesive build up from thermal print heads, is being released today by KICTeam. Using the same convenient marker-style design currently found with the EZ Thermal Printer Cleaning Pen, this new pen has two separate marker nibs to perform two very distinct functions. The first nib carries an adhesive remover to make it possible to easily remove adhesives caused during printing of label stock and linerless labels. The second nib carries the same isopropyl alcohol recommended by all thermal printer manufacturers to properly clean the print head. The combination of both products in one easy-to-use pen creates a very versatile product for maintaining thermal printers.

July 16, 2009

KICTeam Announces the Canon CR-Series Check Transport Cleaning Tool Software For use with KICTeam's Canon Waffletechnology™ Cleaning Card
AUBURN, Maine—July 16, 2009—KICTeam, the industry leader in the manufacturing of cleaning cards, today introduced the Canon CR-Series Check Transport Cleaning Tool Software to be used in conjunction with their Waffletechnology Cleaning Card. In an effort to help increase efficiency and lower maintenance costs, this new software allows for a more efficient and streamlined cleaning process, resulting in less down time and a better quality of overall maintenance.

July 1, 2009

Patent awarded for Waffletechnology® Cleaning Cards to KICTeam Waffletechnology cleaning cards are used in all Industries
AUBURN, Maine—July 1, 2009—A patent has been issued for a unique feature of our Waffletechnology® cleaning cards, adding a level of protection to a growing cleaning card market.

May 18, 2009

JCM DBV Series Bill Validators Cleaning Card Now Available From KICTeam Designed for the Amusement, Vending and Lottery Industries
AUBURN, Maine—May 18, 2009—A new Cleaning Card for the JCM Global DBV Series Bill Validators is being launched today through KICTeam, the world leader in the manufacture of cleaning cards. Designed for the DBV 300, 301, 302, 303 Bill Validators, this cleaning card, featuring Waffletechnology™, incorporates a tension release waffle pattern. This pattern allows the cleaning card to maintain maximum cleaning waffle height as it passes through the currency validators.

March 23, 2009

New Adhesive Remover Swab for Thermal Printers from KICTeam Remove the Sticky Adhesive Residue from Thermal Printers in Shipping, Retail, Food Service and other Industries
Auburn, ME., March 23, 2009 – An Adhesive Remover Swab is being released today by KICTeam. This Swab is combined with an adhesive remover solution to ease the removal of sticky adhesive residue from hard surfaces. The product will come enclosed in a foil pouch and the swab will be saturated with the adhesive remover solution. The swab was designed especially for use on thermal printers which incur adhesive build up from regular use during label printing. The increase of linerless labels has heightened the demand for an efficient adhesive remover product. This new Adhesive Remover Swab has been tested and demonstrated to be more effective than current methods and products.

February 16, 2009

New Currency Counter cleaning card now available from KICTeam. Card Extends Life of Currency Counters Used in Banking and Other Industries
Auburn, ME., February 16, 2009 – A Currency Counter Cleaning Card utilizing Waffletechnology™ is being released today by KICTeam. This advanced design employs state-of-the-art cleaning card 'waffles' to clean the note recognition lenses within the machine. These optics are critical for accurate counting and denomination recognition but were previously unreachable without dismantling the equipment. The new cleaning card design also cleans the bill pathways more completely through the use of the flexible raised platforms that waffletechnology is known for. The unique surface of the cleaning card will also remove dirt and other contaminants from the feed rollers to overall maintain the currency counter to function as designed and prolong the equipment's life. This new Waffletechnology Currency Counter Cleaning Card has been tested and demonstrated to be more effective than current cleaning methods and products.

December 5, 2008

KICTeam and TransAct Technologies Announce a New Cleaning Card System for the Epic 950® and Epic 850® Ticket Printer
AUBURN, Maine—December 5, 2008—KICTeam, the industry leader in the manufacture of cleaning cards, and TransAct Technologies, a global leader in cashless ticket printers for the gaming and lottery-based industries, today announce the release of the TransAct Technologies Cashless Ticket Printer Cleaning System designed using Waffletechnology™ to clean the Epic 950® and Epic 850® Ticket Printer. The new Cleaning Card System will enable gaming properties and retail outlets to increase efficiency and lower maintenance costs. The Epic 950® and Epic 850® Ticket Printers, a critical component in modern slot machines, can now be effectively cleaned, easily and quickly, without opening the printer.

October 27, 2008

KICTeam Develops New Cleaning Product For Epson's TM-J9000 Series Check Scanners
AUBURN, Maine—October 27, 2008—KICTeam, the industry leader in the manufacture of technical cleaning cards, is pleased to announce that the company has developed the Waffletechnology™ Cleaning Card for Epson's TM-J9000 series of check scanners. The cleaning card provides Epson customers a way to efficiently clean all parts of the device including the transport, track, MICR head and scanner glass. The TM-J9000 Series desktop scanner, which includes an integrated transaction receipt printer, is a reliable and cost effective teller capture device ideally suited for banks and credit unions seeking to capture checks at the point of presentment.
Press Release Translations
Chinese-simplified | Chinese-traditional | French Canadian
French European | German | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese
Spanish Americas | Spanish European | Urdu

October 14, 2008

KICTeam and TransAct Technologies Announce a Joint Development Project to Create a Cleaning Card System for the Epic 950® Ticket Printer
AUBURN, Maine—October 14, 2008—KICTeam, the industry leader in the manufacture of cleaning cards, and TransAct Technologies, a global leader in cashless ticket printers for the gaming and lottery-based industries, today announce a joint development project to incorporate the use of Waffletechnology™ in a Cleaning Card System to maintain the Epic 950® Ticket Printer. In an effort to increase efficiency and lower maintenance costs, the new Cleaning Card System with Waffletechnology will enable gaming properties and retail outlets to effectively clean the Epic 950® Ticket Printers easily and quickly without opening the printer.

September 30, 2008

KICTeam and Canon U.S.A. Announce the Use of Waffletechnology in the new Canon CR-Series Check Transport Cleaning Card
AUBURN, Maine—Sept. 30, 2008—KICTeam, the industry leader in the manufacture of cleaning cards, and Canon U.S.A., Inc., a leading provider of digital imaging technology, today announce the use of Waffletechnology™ in the new Canon CRSeries Check Transport Cleaning Card. In an effort to increase efficiency and lower maintenance costs, the Canon CR-Series Check Transport Cleaning Card with Waffletechnology enables banking and retail outlets to effectively clean Canon imageFORMULA CR-Series check transports.

August 4, 2008

KICTeam Develops New Check Scanner Cleaning Product For Epson's CaptureOne™ Check Scanner
AUBURN, Maine—August 4, 2008—KICTeam, the industry leader in the manufacture of cleaning cards, is pleased to announce that the company has developed the Waffletechnology™ Cleaning Card for Epson's CaptureOne™ Check Scanner. The cleaning card provides CaptureOne customers a way to efficiently clean all parts of the device including the transport, track, MICR head and scanner glass. The CaptureOne desktop scanner is a reliable check capture device for back office capture and remote deposit capture applications for financial services and retail applications.
Press Release Translations
Chinese-simplified | Chinese-traditional | French Canadian
French European | German | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese
Spanish Americas | Spanish European | Urdu

June 2, 2008

KIC Products And Clean Team Company Merge To Form KICTeam
AUBURN, Maine—June 2, 2008—KIC Products, the industry leader in the manufacture of cleaning cards, is pleased to announce that they have joined forces with Clean Team Company, an original developer and manufacturer of technical cleaning products, to become one united front as KICTeam, effective immediately.

April 10, 2008

KICTeam, Inc. Develops Cutting Edge Cleaning Card
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AUBURN, Maine April 10, 2008—KICTeam Inc., the industry leader in the manufacturing of cleaning cards, is pleased to announce that they joined forces to introduce the Lucky Stripe Waffletechnology Cleaning Card for use in bill acceptors.

October 1, 2007

Panini and KICTeam, Inc. announce the release of a Panini Waffletechnology Check Processor Cleaning Card
Auburn, ME., October 1, 2007 – Panini & KICTeam, Inc. are pleased to announce the release of the Panini Waffletechnology Check Processor Cleaning Card. This product is designed to work with Panini My Vision X® Check Scanners through strategic positioning of the Waffletechnology design. Panini and KICTeam extensive co-development project has produced a method of quickly cleaning critical camera lenses and pathways within the device, used by the banking industry under the Check 21 laws and provisions.